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Export Procedure

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THE INDIAN SILK EXPORT PROMOTION COUNCIL

Export procedure, documentation and processes

In this post, a basic idea about export procedures and formalities are explained. This export process is same in almost all countries with slight variation. I hope this post helps you in getting a basic training on how to export various products.

In almost all countries, a onetime licensing procedure to act as an Exporter / Importer is required to be completed. In India, IEC number (Import Export Code number) is required to act as an Importer or Exporter.

If you are an exporter, you would have already set up an Export company by following necessary government rules and regulations. By choosing your export product, you would have sent export samples to your international buyer if required and got approved. After necessary communication with your overseas buyer on terms of payment and terms of delivery, you arrange to issue Proforma Invoice, in turn you receive export order followed by purchase order from your overseas buyer. The terms of payment for your export contract could be advance payment, Documents against Acceptance DA, Documents against Payments DAP, or under Letter of Credit LC. If you as overseas seller require to cover credit risk against your overseas buyer, you can approach concerned authorities to cover insurance. In India, ECGC is the authorized agency who covers such credit risks for Indian exporters. Being an exporter, you will have an idea about other risks involved in export. The terms of delivery could be EX-Works, FOB, CFR, CIF, DAP, DDP or any other Inco terms. If you would like to arrange finance against export , you can approach your bank for pre-shipment or post shipment finance against export orders obtained by you.

If any international quality check agencies like SGS,BVQI etc. are involved as per the terms and conditions between you and your overseas buyer, such inspection is arranged. After completing necessary quality check (QC) formalities, the goods for export are arranged for proper packing to meet export quality. Palletization or Crating is arranged for safety of cargo. If your export goods are shipped by sea mode of transport, you decide whether the export shipment is by LCL or FCL. Necessary information about shipping of LCL may be collected if sent as LCL. Type of container is decided based on your nature of export goods.

Ok, now the shipment is ready for export. The documentation department prepares export invoice, export packing list etc. based on the purchased order or LC. Application for certificate of origin (GSP – Generalized System of Preference) and other required documents required for importer are also prepared. Necessary documents required for export customs clearance purpose are forwarded to Customs broker. The export process at customs completes either by customs broker or your representative directly. You as an exporter decide whether your export shipment is FCL or LCL. Pre shipment inspections like Phyto-sanitary, Fumigation etc. if required have to be completed before export of goods.

Bill of Lading or AWB is issued by carrier of goods.

If consolidator involved, HAWB or HBL is issued accordingly. If On Board Bill of Lading required as per buyer’s requirement, you have to wait to get the export shipment go ‘onboard’ the vessel. If you export your goods from a dry port, you have to wait till the cargo to go onboard the vessel, if you need On board bill of lading from shipping carrier.

After completion of export customs clearance procedures and collection of AWB or Bill of Lading, necessary documents for bank and overseas buyer are prepared. The export bill can be discounted, arrange for collection of payment if on credit basis or negotiated if export shipment is on Letter of Credit basis. If you have availed packing credit from bank, the amount of discounted / negotiated export bill amount will be adjusted once bank receives export proceeds from your overseas buyer. If bank does not receive such export proceeds from your overseas buyer, your bank may crystallize such export bills, you/bank can approach credit insurance company (like ECGC in India) for claim, if such cover done by you or your bank.

This Chapter explains about exportation procedures to ship to overseas countries. The above exportation process is almost same in all countries. Have you satisfied with this information on different process to export goods? I hope, this article can enlighten you on basic idea on how to export goods from your country to other foreign countries.

How to export my goods?

How to export your products? What are the procedures and process to export goods from your country to foreign Country?

The following links explains about the process of export of goods, under Harmonized System chapter wise. This information is common to all countries, although the details are referred as per export procedures from India. These details are provided to have a basic idea about export process of each category of exports falls under Harmonized Tariff System chapter wise. Hence, the exporters may contact concerned authorities to collect accurate information to export their product.

Guidelines to Export Silk (under Chapter 50 of HS Code)

This Chapter explains export process of silk, government rules to export silk, different precautions to be taken care to export silk, export documentation to export silk.

If you would like to export silk, detailed general information on how to export has been mentioned in separate article. Learning export process for silk makes easier to you if you can go through the said post.

After choosing your export product as silk and export samples are sent, terms of payment and terms of delivery are agreed with your overseas buyer along with other terms and conditions and issue proforma invoice, in turn you receive export order for silk followed by purchase order from your overseas buyer. The terms of payment for your export contract could be advance payment, Documents against Acceptance DA, Documents against Payments DAP, or under Letter of Credit LC, and the terms of delivery for your export of silk might be EX-Works, FOB, CFR, CIF, DAP, DDP or any other Inco terms. The finance against export can be arranged from your bank for pre-shipment packing credit or post shipment finance against export orders for silk.

Insurance can be arranged against credit risk and about other risks involved in export of silk. After quality check (QC), proper packing is arranged with Palletization or Crating if required. Type of container is decided if export shipment of silk is on FCL basis otherwise LCL if mode of shipment of silk is by sea. Export Invoice, export packing list ,certificate of origin (GSP – Generalized System of Preference) and other documents are prepared based on the purchased order or LC to export silk. After completion of export customs clearance either by exporter or his Customs broker, Bill of Lading or AWB is issued by carrier, if consolidator involved, HAWB or HBL is issued. The documents for export of silk is discounted, arrange for collection or negotiated if export of silk is on Letter of Credit basis.

Any exporter or exporter of silk should know ITC code (HS code) of their export product. Silk falls under HS code (ITC code) Chapter 50. In India silk classified under ITC code (Indian Tariff Code) chapter 50.

For some items under Chapter 50 of HS Code, the exporter or importer should required Permission.

Unilateral trade agreement, multilateral trade agreement or bilateral trade agreement between countries simplifies documentation and other formalities and process for export of silk.

Export guidelines for Carpets and other textile floor coverings (under chapter 57 of HS Code)

How to export Carpets and other textile floor coverings?

This Chapter explains export process of Carpets and other textile floor coverings, government rules to export Carpets and other textile floor coverings, different precautions to be taken care to export Carpets and other textile floor coverings, export documentation to export Carpets and other textile floor coverings.

If you would like to export Carpets and other textile floor coverings, detailed general information on how to export has been mentioned in separate article. Learning export process for Carpets and other textile floor coverings makes easier to you if you can go through the said chapter.

Any importer or exporter of Carpets and other textile floor coverings should know ITC code (HS code) of their export product. Carpets and other textile floor coverings falls under HS code (ITC code) chapter 57 Click here to know 6 digit HS code of your export product. In India Carpets and other textile floor coverings classified under ITC code (Indian Tariff Code) chapter 57.

For some items under Chapter 57 of HS Code, the exporter or importer should required Permission to export non-hazardous products.

Unilateral trade agreement, multilateral trade agreement or bilateral trade agreement between countries simplifies documentation and other formalities and process for export of Carpets and other textile floor coverings.

After choosing your export product as Carpets and other textile floor coverings and export samples are sent, terms of payment and terms of delivery are agreed with your overseas buyer along with other terms and conditions and issue proforma invoice, in turn you receive export order for Carpets and other textile floor coverings followed by purchase order from your overseas buyer. The terms of payment for your export contract could be advance payment, Documents against Acceptance DA, Documents against Payments DAP, or under Letter of Credit LC, and the terms of delivery for your export of Carpets and other textile floor coverings might be EX-Works, FOB, CFR, CIF, DAP, DDP or any other Inco terms. The finance against export can be arranged from your bank for pre shipment packing creditor post shipment finance against export orders for Carpets and other textile floor coverings. Insurance can be arranged against credit risk and about other risks involved in export of Carpets and other textile floor coverings. After quality check (QC), proper packing is arranged with Palletization or Crating if required. Type of container is decided if export shipment of Carpets and other textile floor coverings is on FCL basis otherwise LCL if mode of shipment of Carpets and other textile floor coverings is by sea. Export invoice, export packing list ,certificate of origin (GSP – Generalized System of Preference) and other documents are prepared based on the purchased order or LC to export Carpets and other textile floor coverings. After completion of export customs clearance either by exporter or his Customs broker, Bill of Lading or AWB is issued by carrier, if consolidator involved, HAWB or HBL is issued. The documents for export of Carpets and other textile floor coverings is discounted, arrange for collection or negotiated if export of Carpets and other textile floor coverings is on Letter of Credit basis.

Methods to export Apparel and Clothing Accessories, Knitted, Crocheted etc. (under chapter 61 of HS Code)

This Chapter explains export process of apparel and clothing accessories, knitted, crocheted etc., government rules to export apparel and clothing accessories, knitted, crocheted etc., different precautions to be taken care to export apparel and clothing accessories, knitted, crocheted etc., export documentation to export apparel and clothing accessories, knitted, crocheted etc..

If you would like to export apparel and clothing accessories, knitted, crocheted etc., detailed general information on how to export has been mentioned in separate article. Learning export process for apparel and clothing accessories, knitted, crocheted etc. makes easier to you if you can go through the said post.

After choosing your export product as apparel and clothing accessories, knitted, crocheted etc. and export samples are sent, terms of payment and terms of delivery are agreed with your overseas buyer along with other terms and conditions and issue proforma invoice, in turn you receive export order for apparel and clothing accessories, knitted, crocheted etc. followed by purchase order from your overseas buyer. The terms of payment for your export contract could be advance payment, Documents against Acceptance DA, Documents against Payments DAP, or under Letter of Credit LC, and the terms of delivery for your export of apparel and clothing accessories, knitted, crocheted etc. might be EX-Works, FOB, CFR, CIF, DAP, DDP or any other Inco terms. The finance against export can be arranged from your bank for pre shipment packing creditor post shipment finance against export orders for apparel and clothing accessories, knitted, crocheted etc.. Insurance can be arranged against credit risk and about other risks involved in export of apparel and clothing accessories, knitted, crocheted etc.. After quality check (QC), proper packing is arranged with Palletization or Crating if required. Type of container is decided if export shipment of apparel and clothing accessories, knitted, crocheted etc. is on FCL basis otherwise LCL if mode of shipment of apparel and clothing accessories, knitted, crocheted etc. is by sea. Export invoice, export packing list ,certificate of origin (GSP – Generalized System of Preference) and other documents are prepared based on the purchased order or LC to export apparel and clothing accessories, knitted, crocheted etc.. After completion of export customs clearance either by exporter or his Customs broker, Bill of Lading or AWB is issued by carrier, if consolidator involved, HAWB or HBL is issued.

Processes to export apparel and clothing accessories not knitted or crocheted (under chapter 62 of HS Code)

This Chapter explains export process of apparel and clothing accessories not knitted or crocheted, government rules to export apparel and clothing accessories not knitted or crocheted , different precautions to be taken care to export apparel and clothing accessories not knitted or crocheted , export documentation to export apparel and clothing accessories not knitted or crocheted.

If you would like to export apparel and clothing accessories not knitted or crocheted , detailed general information on how to export has been mentioned in separate article. Learning export process for apparel and clothing accessories not knitted or crocheted makes easier to you if you can go through the said post.

After choosing your export product as apparel and clothing accessories not knitted or crocheted and export samples are sent, terms of payment and terms of delivery are agreed with your overseas buyer along with other terms and conditions and issue proforma invoice, in turn you receive export order for apparel and clothing accessories not knitted or crocheted followed by purchase order from your overseas buyer. The terms of payment for your export contract could be advance payment, Documents against Acceptance DA, Documents against Payments DAP, or under Letter of Credit LC, and the terms of delivery for your export of apparel and clothing accessories not knitted or crocheted might be EX-Works, FOB, CFR, CIF, DAP, DDP or any other Inco terms. The finance against export can be arranged from your bank for pre shipment packing creditor post shipment finance against export orders for apparel and clothing accessories not knitted or crocheted. Insurance can be arranged against credit risk and about other risks involved in export of apparel and clothing accessories not knitted or crocheted. After quality check (QC), proper packing is arranged with Palletization or Crating if required. Type of container is decided if export shipment of apparel and clothing accessories not knitted or crocheted is on FCL basis otherwise LCL if mode of shipment of apparel and clothing accessories not knitted or crocheted is by sea. Export invoice, export packing list ,certificate of origin(GSP – Generalized System of Preference) and other documents are prepared based on the purchased order or LC to export apparel and clothing accessories . After completion of export customs clearance either by exporter or his Customs broker, Bill of Lading or AWB is issued by carrier, if consolidator involved, HAWB or HBL is issued. The documents for export of apparel and clothing accessories is discounted, arrange for collection or negotiated if export of apparel and clothing accessories not knitted or crocheted is on Letter of Credit basis.

Any importer or exporter of apparel and clothing accessories not knitted or crocheted should know ITC code (HS code) of their export product. Apparel and clothing accessories not knitted or crocheted falls under HS code (ITC code) chapter 62 . In India apparel and clothing accessories not knitted or crocheted classified under ITC code (Indian Tariff Code) chapter 62 Click here to know 8 digit ITS code, if you export or import from (to) India.

For some items under Chapter 62 of HS Code, the exporter or importer should required Permission to export non hazardous products.

Unilateral trade agreement, multilateral trade agreement or bilateral trade agreement between countries simplifies documentation and other formalities and process for export of apparel and clothing accessories not knitted or crocheted.

Government rules to export worn clothing and worn textile articles, rags etc.(under chapter 63 of HS Code)

This Chapter explains export process of worn clothing and worn textile articles, rags etc., government rules to export worn clothing and worn textile articles, rags etc., different precautions to be taken care to export worn clothing and worn textile articles, rags etc., export documentation to export worn clothing and worn textile articles, rags etc.

If you would like to export worn clothing and worn textile articles, rags etc., detailed general information on how to export has been mentioned in separate article. Learning export process for worn clothing and worn textile articles, rags etc. makes easier to you if you can go through the said post.

Any importer or exporter of worn clothing and worn textile articles, rags etc. should know ITC code (HS code) of their export product. Worn clothing and worn textile articles, rags etc. falls under HS code (ITC code)chapter 63. In India worn clothing and worn textile articles, rags etc. classified under ITC code (Indian Tariff Code)chapter 63.

Unilateral trade agreement, multilateral trade agreement or bilateral trade agreement between countries simplifies documentation and other formalities and process for export of worn clothing and worn textile articles, rags etc.

After choosing your export product as worn clothing and worn textile articles, rags etc. and export samples are sent, terms of payment and terms of delivery are agreed with your overseas buyer along with other terms and conditions and issue Proforma Invoice, in turn you receive export order for worn clothing and worn textile articles, rags etc. followed by purchase order from your overseas buyer. The terms of payment for your export contract could be advance payment, Documents against Acceptance DA, Documents against Payments DAP, or under Letter of Credit LC, and the terms of delivery for your export of worn clothing and worn textile articles, rags etc. might be EX-Works, FOB, CFR, CIF, DAP, DDP or any other Inco terms. The finance against export can be arranged from your bank for pre shipment packing creditor post shipment finance against export orders for worn clothing and worn textile articles, rags etc. Insurance can be arranged against credit risk and about other risks involved in export of worn clothing and worn textile articles, rags etc. After quality check (QC),proper packing is arranged with Palletization or Crating if required. Type of container is decided if export shipment of worn clothing and worn textile articles, rags etc. is on FCL basis otherwise LCL if mode of shipment of worn clothing and worn textile articles, rags etc. is by sea. Export invoice, export packing list, Certificate of origin (GSP – Generalized System of Preference) and other documents are prepared based on the purchased order or LC to export worn clothing and worn textile articles, rags etc. After completion of export customs clearance either by exporter or his Customs broker, Bill of Lading or AWB is issued by carrier, if consolidate or involved, HAWB or HBL is issued. The documents for export of worn clothing and worn textile articles, rags etc. is discounted, arrange for collection or negotiated if export of worn clothing and worn textile articles, rags etc. is on Letter of Credit basis.